Capital Structure and Dividend Policy: Evidence from Emerging Markets (Management Project)

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This project aims to add empirical evidence to the corporate finance literature by looking at two main financing issues, namely firms’ payout policies and capital structure decisions, in the context of emerging markets.

The project consists of seven chapters, including five main standalone research papers. After an introductory chapter, the first research paper reviews the existing literature on the dividend policy controversy with an emphasis on recent empirical work.

The following two chapters consist of two research papers which look separately at the dividend and capital structure decisions of firms in India and in Mauritius.

In the second research paper an agency model of dividend policy is estimated and tested on a sample of Indian firms using Weighted Least Squares methodology. The third research paper applies panel data procedures to estimate and test a model of the determinants of leverage, using the entire population of non-financial quoted firms in Mauritius.

The last two empirical papers investigate how affiliation with an Indian Business House impacts on the dividend and capital structure decisions of firms. The impact of group-affiliation on the payout decision is tested by Maximum Likelihood qualitative and limited dependent variable techniques.

The analysis of the impact of group-affiliation on the capital structure decision is conducted using Ordinary Least Squares methods and incorporates group-level characteristics as explanatory variables.

While the main findings of these papers are on the whole consistent with the theory, there are new major insights that represent the special case of emerging markets. These main insights, as well as the main conclusions of the study, are summarised in Chapter 7, including some promising ideas for future research.
Source: The University of Birmingham
Author: Ronny Manos

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