Cross flow heat exchangers are a fairly common apparatus employed throughout many industrial processes. For these types of systems, correlations have been extensively developed. However, there have been no correlations done for very high enthalpy flows as produced by Arnold Engineering Development Center’s (AEDC) H2 facility.
The H2 facility uses a direct current electric arc to heat air which is then expanded through a converging-diverging nozzle to impart a supersonic velocity to the air. This high enthalpy, high temperature air must be cooled downstream by the use of a cross flow heat exchanger.
It is of interest to evaluate the actual performance of the air cooler to determine the effectiveness of possible facility upgrades. In order to characterize cooler effectiveness, a numerical model is built to calculate per-tube-row energy balances using real (temperature and pressure dependent) air and water properties and cross-flow Nusselt number calculations.
Source: University of Tennessee Space Institute
Authors: Gary L. Hammock